Pekka Haavisto (EN)

Pekka Haavisto is a Member of Parliament, the former Foreign Minister of Finland, and a presidential candidate for the 2024 election. Pekka is a peace negotiator and a defender of both democracy and human rights. Haavisto is especially experienced in foreign policy and international operations. He has led research into the environmental impact of wars and represented the EU and the UN in various crises all over the world. Haavisto has also authored numerous books. His beloved hobbies are literature, Beetle cars, and wooden boats.


  • Matriculation examination, Munkkivuoren yhteiskoulu, 1976
Journalism experience
  • Editor-in-chief, “Komposti”, 1979-1982 
  • Editor-in-chief, “Suomi”, 1982-1987
  • Editor-in-chief, “Vihreä Lanka”, 1983
Municipal positions of responsibility
  • Helsinki tax committee 1981-1985
  • Helsinki real estate committee 1985-1988
  • Helsinki City Board 1987
  • Helsinki City Council 1988-1992
  • Helsinki City Council 2005-2008
Parliamentary work
  • Parliamentary group secretary 1983
  • Member of Parliament 1987-1995, member of committees on foreign affairs, legal affairs, and education and culture
  • Chair of parliamentary human rights group 1990-1995
  • Finnish delegation to the Nordic Council 1991-1993
  • Finnish delegation to the joint committee of European and Finnish parliaments 1993
  • Finnish delegation to the EEA Joint Parliamentary Committee 1993-1994
  • Member of Parliament 2007-present, member of Grand Committee and committees on foreign affairs and defence 
  • Finnish delegation to OSCE Parliamentary Assembly 2007-2008 (alternate member 2015-present)
  • Yleisradio Oy (The Finnish Broadcasting Company) Administrative Council 2011-2013
Other positions of responsibility
  • Chair of parliamentary human rights group 1990-1995
  • Chair, Green League 1993-1995
  • Visiting researcher, Finnish Institute of International Affairs (FIIA) 2000-2002
  • Chair, European Green Party 2000-2006
  • Party and election funding task force 2009-2009
  • Constitutional Law Committee 2008-2010 
  • Chair, Advisory Board on Romani Affairs 2008-2013
  • Board member, Plan Finland 2009-2013
  • Board member, Finn Church Aid 2009-2013 and 2014-2019 
  • Chair, WWF Administrative Council 2011-2013
  • Board member, Finnish Federation of Settlement Houses 2014-2019
  • Chair, Green League 2018-2019
Minister duties
  • Minister of the Environment, Minister of Development Cooperation 1995-1999, Lipponen I government
  • Minister of Development Cooperation, Minister of Ownership Steering 2013-2014, Katainen and Stubb governments 
  • Minister for Foreign Affairs 2019-2023, Rinne and Marin governments 
International activities
  • United Nations Environment Programme UNEP missions in the crisis and disaster areas in Kosovo, Afghanistan, Iraq, Liberia, Palestine, Romania, Montenegro, Serbia, Bosnia, and Herzegovina and Sudan 1999–2005
  • EU Special Representative (EUSR) in Sudan and Darfur 2005–2007
  • UN Assistant Secretary-General (ASG) in the Darfur peace process 2007
  • Special Representative to the Minister for Foreign Affairs in the African crisis 2009–2017
  • Board member, Bcause foundation 2014-present
  • Chair of European Institute of Peace (EIP), 2016–2019
  • Interrail guide 1977, 1978, 1979
  • Tehtävä Napapiirillä: kadonnutta aatetta metsästämässä (“Mission in the Arctic Circle: Hunting for a lost idea”) 1986.
  • Nuori Eurooppa: Inter-rail opas (“Young Europe: Interrail guide”) 1986.
  • Kesä Balkanilla (“Summer in the Balkans”) 1999.
  • UNEP: Various publications on environmental destruction in war 1999–2005
  • Afrikan tähteä etsimässä (“Looking for the African Star”) 2010
  • Hatunnosto (“Tribute”) 2010
  • Anna mun kaikki kestää: Sovinnon kirja (“What a life: A book on Reconciliation”) 2011
  • German Federal Government: International peer review on Germany’s sustainable development policy 2013
  • Lipunnosto ja räätälin viisaus (“Raising the Flag and Tailor’s Wisdom”) 2017
  • Eurooppa raiteilla (“Europe on Rails”) 2019